What is a cold, and how can it affect your baby? A cold is a virus that spreads through the air from the persons infected. A cold is transmitted through a cough or a sneeze.
You can become infected with a cold when touching something an infected person has touched, such as a door knob. Another risk of infection is if you´re too close to a person who has a cold or when children go to kindergarten or school, where there are many children and the risk of one of them being infected is higher than normal.
To prevent that your baby catches a cold or flu, you should wash your baby´s hands thoroughly and not shake hands with an infected person. It is most common to catch a cold and flu in the winter time and autumn, but young children can catch a cold and flu more often, since they are more susceptible to infections than adults.
What happens in your body when you get a cold?
When a cold virus reaches the lining of the airways, it causes an inflammation, which makes the mucous membranes swell up. This can cause your baby´s neck to ache, he or she can be more tired than usual, sneeze and his or her eyes can dry out.
There are different kinds of cold and flu viruses. Two common cold and flu viruses are the corona virus and the adeno virus. The corona virus is also known as SARS, which is a serious flu virus. It gives you a sudden high fever and a cold, shortness of breath and feeling dizzy are two other symptoms The adeno virus is a cold virus. This is the coldest virus common no matter the age of the person. This is a respiratory tract infection and the symptoms you can experience are sneezing, a stuffy nose and fatigue.
How do you know when your baby has a cold or flu?
- Your baby sneezes.
- His or her nose is runny.
- Your baby may be unusually sad, unusually quiet or screaming.
- Your baby might have a fever and possibly a sore throat.
- Your baby is coughing.
There are things you can do to prevent that your baby catches a cold or that they infect others if they´ve already caught it.
- When the cold is at its worse, let him or her stay home from daycare or school, until the worst is over.
- Allow the child to rest and sleep a lot; keep your child warm with blankets.
- Food and beverages are also good for the child to recover faster.
- It is important to ensure that he or she gets enough fluids, water and juice are good.
- If he or she does not improve within a few days, seek medical advice.